Posted: January 13th, 2023
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The theoretical basis for implementing the evaluation of a continued safe patient handling and movement project coincide with the Theory of Planned Behavior (Arnold & Sorento, 2016). The theory is based on behavioral intent. Behavioral intent is influenced by the attitude about the behavior, its expected outcome, and the person’s actual control over the behavior. The theory encompasses three concepts (behavioral, normative, and control beliefs) representing a person’s control over behavior. According to the Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen, 2016) intentions influence motivational factors that influence behavior. Intentions are indications of how hard a person is willing to try and how much effort will be exerted to perform a behavior. Intentions lead to behavioral control, which in turn motivates the person to try. People are more apt to engage in a behavior when it is judged to be positive, when it is believed that others want them to participate in the behavior, and that the behavior in under their control.
The individual attitudes of behavioral, normative, and control beliefs combined form “behavioral intention” according to the Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen, 2016). The musing of behavioral control, perceived behavioral control, and intention predict behavior. A continuing Safe Patient Handling and Movement program offering continued education, support, scenarios, and monitoring recognizing when revisions are needed to the program to best meet the needs of nursing staff and the patients for safe handling and movement will influence the behavior of nursing staff (Ajzen, 2016). Introducing scientific evidence that supports the use of MLE during education classes has been an effective strategy to improving attitudes and behaviors of safe patient handling (Ajzen, 2016).
Arnold, D. & Sorento, A. (2016). Safe patient handling resources for the therapeutic nurse. Professional Safety, 59(9), 19-35.
Ajzen I. (2016). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior of Human Decision Process; 50(2):179–211.
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