Posted: January 14th, 2023
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Where do laws that apply to journalism and mass communication generally originate from?
A: Constitutions, Equity Law, Statutes, Administrative Law, Common Law, Executive Orders
B: Constitutions, members of Congress, Statutes, Statutes, common Law, Executive Orders
C: Constitutions, Statutes, Common law, Executive Orders
D: Constitutions, Statutes
In some cases, the plaintiff may be able to bring his or her case in either state or federal court.
True of False
How many types of jurisdiction do courts generally recognize?
For a court to have general jurisdiction, it generally must be located in the same state as the individual(‘s) ________or a company(’s) _________.
A: Claim arose, purposefully conducted activities
B: purposefully conducted activities, storefront locations(s)
C: Decides to bring the case, decides to bring the case
D: Home, headquarters
Which of the following factors would likely prevent a US judge from presiding over a case that involved an online dispute?
A: The defendant did not purposefully conduct activities in the judge’s jurisdiction.
B: The plaintiff’s case arose out of the defendant’s activities within the judge’s jurisdiction
C: There is a clear constitutional basis for the court to exercise jurisdiction
D: None of the options
Which of the following scenarios most accurately describes a judge’s efforts to adhere to the facial meaning of a law?
A: The judge ruled that a law limiting the speed of motor vehicles to 15 miles per hour in a school zone, does not apply to bicycles.
B: The judge limited the interpretation of the law to a meaning which does not fully encompass what the text of the law clearly states.
C: The judge decided to forward unclear language in a law to a higher court for more definitive interpretation.
D: The judge listened to and agreed with an activist attorney’s argument that a law should be applied in a way in which its authors clearly did not intend.
A federal court’s jurisdiction is limited to cases and conflicts concerning federal questions of laws and regulations.
True or False
The Supreme Court has unanimously viewed the First Amendment as establishing special protections for journalists, by keeping free speech and free press guarantees separate.
True or False
The Supreme Court presumes content-based laws are unconstitutional unless they:
A:Use the least restrictive means to advance a compelling government interest
B: Restrict speech as little as necessary to advance in important government interest
C: Have a reasonable explanation and to serve a legitimate government interest
D: None of the above
The First Amendment prohibits judges from holding journalists in contempt of court for not divulging sources.
True or False
The Clear and Present Danger t e s t and the Brandenburg t e s t have been used by the courts to uphold restriction on which of the the following types of speech:
B: Speech that is likely to incite illegal activity or violence
C: Hate Speech
D: Offensive Speech
A court will apply intermediate-level scrutiny to a law that regulates free expression, if the law is considered:
A: A law regulating symbolic speech
B: A content neurtal law
C: Both A and B
D: A law that regulates speech content
Pursuant to Section 230 of the United State Communications Decency Act, users cannot face civil liability for what they post to social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter.
True or False
Which of the following is not a permissible circumstance under which to implement a prior restraint, under Near v. Minnesota?
A: Obstruction of military recruitment
B: Fighting words that might lead to violence in the future
C: Obscene publication
D: Publication of troop movement in the time of war
The following are all examples of government censorship, except:
A: Threats of lawsuits by multinational corporations against journalists who report unfavorable coverage
B: Department of Justice requiring “voluntary” agreements by journalists not to cover stories
C: Federal agencies blocking or filtering content on search engines
D: State-sponsored hacking Into online new media
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